studio of NIKFI
Cinema & Photo Institute (NIKFI) is the state institute, founded in 1929, is the
single in Russia and unique in the world scientific center on the development of technique
and technology of professional cinematograph, photographies and other imaging facilities.
is widely known as the leader in the field of three-dimensional stereoscopic and
holographic images creation technique. In the 40-s' for the first time in the world the
stereoscopic film projection without glasses on perspective lenticular screen was
realized, invented in NIKFI by S.P. Ivanov.
The system of
stereoscopic cinematograph "Stereo - 70", developed in NIKFI, is considered as
the best in the world in the category of qualitative reproducing stereoscopic
motion-picture image and it is used in stereo movie theatres both in Russia, and in many
other countries abroad. In 1991 NIKFI was awarded by the "Oscar" of American
Academy of Cinema for technical achievements in the part of stereoscopic cinematograph.
In early 70-s' complex
works in the new area of the three-dimentional images creation – holography were begun
in NIKFI The researches developed holographic materials and their chemical-photographic
processing, methods of hologram recording, copying and reconstruction methods, laser
sources and other parts of holography processes. One of the first high-quality image
holograms, that was written by the Yuri N. Denisuk method, were
made in NIKFI by G.A. Sobolev.
Under the management of
prof. Komar the development of the holographic cinematograph system offered by him with
the three-dimensional color image were kept in NIKFI For the first time in the world the
holographic one-color 20-seconds film was demonstrated on the special holographic screen
in 1976 at the UNIATEC congress in Moscow. Holographic screen 0.6x0.8 sq.m. formed four
vision areas, from which one-color three-dimentional scene of moving human was observed.
Two-color 3-D cartoon on the screen with five vision areas was demonstrated in 1984.
At present under the management of Yuri N. Ovechkis works on pictorial
holography are kept in NIKFI in the part of new technological facilities of hologram
production development, improvement of holographic photomaterials and their
Pictorial holograms of
NIKFI, including multicolor three-dimentional images, were demonstrated on many
international exhibitions (Austria, Hungary, France, Finland and many other countries) and
every time were considered as one of the best in the world.
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